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Angels at the Tomb


Izaak Hultser details how the two angels who welcome Mary Magdalene after Christ’s resurrection are full of biblical significance—specifically in connection to the Cherubim of the Ark. John’s gospel mentions these particular creatures on either side the empty-tomb, and in doing so weaves together biblical symbolism from the Garden to the Temple. Though exegetes as old as Augustine recognized...

Political Eucharist


In Kings, table-companionship tends to relate to politics. Who you dine with is who you deal with. Business transactions today, are commonly done with meals and drinks. Wedding receptions almost always involve meals. Dates involve coffee, cocoa, or wine. When Adonijah calls together the people to give him support, those not in attendance are as important as the guests who are there (1 Kings 1:8...

Jesus, the New Jereboam?


Before King Herod seeks Jesus’ life, right after his birth, and the wise men don’t return, an angel warns the holy family to flee to Egypt. Careful readers have heard this story before, yet the ruler was Solomon and the one who fleed to Egypt was Jereboam (1 Kings 11:29-40). Herod acts here as the replay of a disobedient Solomon. Just Solomon drove away Jereboam in the midst of his...

Solomon’s Four Enemies


Solomon bgins his reign with four adversaries who must be dismissed. The first of these is the infamous Adonijah, who–in David’s late days–attempted to overthrow the aging government and form a coalition, despite David’s promise to Bathsheba that her son Solomon would take the throne. Even after David’s death, and Solomon takes the throne, Adonijah attempts to marry...

Symbols Change Reality


One of the most identifiable of lyrics the song ‘Slide’ would be the passionate, sentimental line ‘What you feel is what you are, and what you are is beautiful.’  Stated with a wave of affection, the point is–you change the symbol, and you change reality. You change your perception, the story that you tell yourself, and it influences how you behave. Should someone tell you you’re valuable...

Public & Private


Kings shows us how personal sins and public sins move in tandem. Personal sins and public sins influence each other, like a brick on top of the other; the first brick presses upon the second, and the top brick continues to be pressed by gravity upon the bottom. They act mutually upon each other. When David takes a concubine for his bed, Abishag, he woefully repeats the Bathsheba incident all over...

Keys to Literal Reading


Who (is the author) (quis/persona)? What (is the subject matter of the text) (quid/materia)? Why (was the text written) (cur/causa)? How (was the text composed) (quomodo/modus)? When (was the text written or published) (quando/tempus) Where (was the text written or published) (ubi/loco)? By which means (was the text written or published) (quibus faculatibus/facultas)

Literary Keys to the Fourth Gospel


In 1963 Merrill C. Tenney traced out some connections to the Old Testament, calling his piece ‘Literary Keys to the Fourth Gospel.’ He calls them, ‘vital, not accidental’ both to the Gospel’s composition, and our understanding of it (302). Like the old couplet of Augustine, “The New is in the Old concealed; the Old is by the New revealed,” and they are intimate partners which connect. In...

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